Common physical injuries to your pet include accidents, ingestion of foreign body, poisoning, etc. These can happen anywhere, whether it is your home or outside. One needs to be prepared with a first aid training to provide immediate help to your pet before he could make it to a vet.
Mentioned below are the details about the common Physical injuries and their management routines, which you can use for pets like Cats, Dogs, and Rabbits.
Before starting any first aid, one should evaluate the ABC for the pet, and act accordingly.
Airway: Check if anything is preventing the oxygen from entering into the lungs. Try to clear the mouth and throat of any obstruction with the help of hand or tweezers
Breathing: If the pet is unconscious and doesn’t appear to be breathing, try pumping the chest with the palm of your hand and at the same time, feeling just behind the elbow to detect a heartbeat or pulse. If this is unsuccessful, give the pet rescue (or artificial) breathing
Cardiac function: If you are unable to detect a heartbeat or pulse, or if it appears weak and slow, try pressing on the chest with your palm and elevate the lower half of the body to promote blood flow to the brain. And try CPR. One can read about the process of CPR and artificial breathing in detail on the Pedigree.
Other physical issues related to eyes (like excessive discharge, swelling, redness of the conjunctiva, eye color change, eye-popping ), ears (like discoloration of ear skin, bad smell etc.), or breaking of bones, they can only be taken care after visiting a vet. One can only protect the infected area from pet scratching by using a pet collar.
If by chance, your pet contaminates his coat with a toxic substance like paint, etc., cover your pet with a collar to prevent him from licking. Never use turpentine or paint removers on your pet. You can bathe your pet in washing up liquid, but if a large area is affected, see the vet.