Pet Spaying (or ovariohysterectomy) refers to the removal of the reproductive organs (both ovaries and the uterus) of females, while pet neutering (or castration) is the removal of the testicles in males. Whether you have adopted or bought a new pet, the most important consideration pet owners make for its health is getting it neutered or spayed. There are many health, financial, and behavioral benefits related to spaying and neutering in addition to controlling the animal population which also prevents the homelessness crisis. One can talk to a veterinarian about the benefits and risks of the sterilization procedure so you can make an informed decision. Some of them include:
Help Your Pet Stay Put: Pets who aren’t spayed or neutered are more likely to want to roam around, leaving them more likely to get lost or run into the road.
Encourage Positive Behaviors: Neutered/Spayed pets are less likely to be aggressive towards other pets or towards people, and spayed pets are less likely to urinate in your home.
Keep Your Pet Healthy: Spaying a female early (before the first heat) can prevent infections or tumors, while neutering can reduce the risk of testicular cancer or prostate issues.
Reduce Overpopulation: There are a lot of homeless pets out there, so spaying and neutering contribute towards fewer unwanted animals.
Save Money: The cost of your pet’s spay/neuter surgery is far less than the cost of having and caring for a litter. The extra expense for food or veterinary care in the event of an unexpected litter of puppies or kittens can be burdensome.
The cost of a spay or neuter surgery depends on the weight and sex of your pet, whether or not your pet requires other vaccinations, your location, the facility where the surgery is done, etc. One can consult their vet for an accurate cost assessment. It is important to remember, however, that it is a small, one-time cost compared to the numerous benefits it provides in terms of health, temperament, and caring for your pet as well as the costs associated with carrying litters or managing fights between unaltered pets of the same gender.
Some people believe that spaying/neutering can cause your pet to become overweight but as per most veterinarians, your pet will remain fit and healthy after the process as long as you continue to provide a healthy diet and exercise to him/her. Also, the process reduces the undesirable behavior of your pet but cannot eliminate the behavior that he/she has developed due to its personality, physiology, and history.
Read more about neutering or spaying your little friend in the sections below.